Preliminary Results for Biochemical Profile Before Slaughtering and Meat Quality of Three Beef Commercial Hybrids

ALINA NARCISA POSTOLACHE, ŞTEOFIL CREANGĂ, ELENA RUGINOSU, DAN LUCIAN DASCĂLU, SILVIU IONUŢ BORŞ

Abstract


This research is subscribed of an extensive project that has as main objective the production of crossbred specialized beef hybrids from reformed Romanian Black Spotted cattle's with bulls from breeds specialized for meat production (Blue Blanch Belgique, Aberdeen-Angus and Limousin). Averaged biochemical indicators analyzed showed a normal state of animal's health. The obtained half-breeds products (bulls) were raised under semi-intensively conditions and slaughtered at 12 months of age. Live weight, back-fat thickness and carcass traits were significantly influenced by breed, all fat parameters being lower at this age than at standard minimum age of slaughter for meat production (18 months). Drip loss and chemical composition were similar for the breeds. The meat was lighter and pH24 values of longissimus muscle were between 5.57 and 5.64. Sensory panel tenderness and Warner-Bratzler shear force values indicated tougher meat at RBSxAA than at RBSxL1 or RBSxBBB. Differences in meat quality were probably due to the combined effects of brute chemical composition and pH dynamic during ripening. It is concluded that slaughtering steers at younger ages may require supplementary feeding, being recommended a slaughter age between 18 and 25 months old.

Keywords


beef meat quality, biochemical profile, beef commercial hybrids

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acatincăi, S., Producţiile bovinelor, Edit. Eurobit, Timişoara,2004.

Bureš, D., Bartoň, L., Zahradkova, R., Teslik, V., Krejčova M., Chemical composition, sensory characteristics and fatty acid profile of muscle from Aberdeen Angus, Charolais, Simmental and Hereford bulls, Czech Journal of Animal Science, 2006, 7, 279-284.

Gregory, K. E., Cundiff, L. V., Koch, R. M., Dikeman, M. E., Koohmaraie, M., Breed effects, retained heterosis and estimates of genetic and phenotypic parameters for carcass and meat traits of beef cattle, Journal of Animal Science, 1994b, 72, 1174-1183.

Gaithersburg, M. D., Official Methods of Analysis, 18th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, (New AOAC standard for determination of moisture, fat and protein in meat and meat products, Method 2007-04).

Honikel, K. O., Reference methods for the assessment of physical characteristics of meat, Meat Science, 1998, 49, 447-457.

Patrie, A., Watson, P., Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science, Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, 1999, 83-103.

Pesonen, M., Honkavaara, M., Huuskonen, A., Effect of breed on production, carcass traits and meat quality of Aberden Angus, Limousin and Aberden Angus x Limousin bulls offered a grass silage-grain-based diet, Agricultural and Food Science, 2012, 21, 361- 369.

Rødbotten, R., Hildrum, K. I., Berg, J., Effects of concentrate level on carcass composition, tenderness and growth rate of Angus x NDF and Limousin x NDF bulls, Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, section A, Animal Science, 2002, 52, 72-80.

Rødbotten, M., Kubberød, E., Lea, P., Ueland, Ø., A sensory map of the meat universe. Sensory profile of meat from 15 species, Meat Science, 2004, 68, 137-144.

Ujică, V., Maciuc, V., Nistor, I., Viziteu, C., Nistor, C. E., Popescu, E. C., Research for improving beef production using the commercial crossbreeding with specialized breeds, Lucrări ştiinţifice seria Zootehnie, 2011, 56, 111-116.

Van Koevering, M. T., Gill, D. R., Owens, F. N., Dolezal, H. G., Strasia, C. A., Effect of time and feed on performance of feedlot steers, carcass characteristics and tenderness and composition of logissimus muscle, Journal of Animal Science, 1995, 73, 21-28.

Voisey, P. W., 1976. Engineering assessment and critique of instruments used for meat tenderness evaluation, J. Text. Stud., 1976, 7, 11-13.

Yam, K. L., Papadakis, S. E., A simple digital imaging method for method measuring and analyzing colour of food surfaces, Journal of Food Engineering, 2004, 61, 137-142.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)


Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
_________________________________________________________________

Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110