Protective Effect of Silybin in Rats Liver Toxicity

Roxana Popescu, Doina Verdes, Marioara Nicoleta Filimon, Laura Smaranda Gotia

Abstract


Silybin is a flavonoid extracted from the herb Armurariu (Silybum marianum) and has the potential efficacy in the treatment of liver disease. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of alcohol and CCl4 on liver histology and the capacity of silybin to ameliorate the hepatotoxicity. Thirty adult male Wistar rats were used in the study. Liver toxicity was induced by dietary alcohol administration and CCl4 intra-peritoneal injection. The protective effect of silibin was investigated by co-administration of silybin with these toxic agents. Hepatocellular and extracellular matrix integrity was determined by histopathological and immunohistochemical study. Hematoxylin- Eosin and trichrome stains sections were studied in each case. For immunohistochemistry we used monoclonal anticollagen IV primary antibody. Light microscopic evaluation of liver tissues shows that control and silibin treated groups has normal liver structure. In the toxicity groups, HE and trichromic staining showed hepatocellular necrosis, inflammatory infiltrate and proliferating collagen fibers. Immunoexpression of collagen IV was variable. In the control group, we found negative expression. Collagen IV displays positive immunoreaction in hepatotoxicity groups, at the level of the areas rich in inflammatory infiltrate and with degenerative aspect. After this study, we can conclude that silybin, in rats, has protective effects.


Keywords


silybin; hepatotoxicity; alcohol; CCl4

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

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