Investigations Concerning Possibilities of Diagnosis and Treatement in One Pesthole of Bacterial Haemorrhagic Septicemia in Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)

Octavian Negrea, Flore Chirilă, Camelia Răducu, Adriana Criste, Zamfir Marchiş

Abstract


Investigations were done on 7 alive samples in agonic or death stage, taken from an extensive exploitation pond, innorth-east Transylvanian zone, with an water surface of 0,2 ha and a total fish quantity of about 200 kg, secondsummer carp of an average weight of 300 g/individual. As a result of clinical, bacterioscopy and bacteriology andalso necropsy laboratory exam it were put in evidence some aspects. So, clinical exam has revealed, by the presenceof integument hemorrhagic ulcerous lesions, also the presence of some crustacaee ectoparasites, Argulus foliaceusspecies, which have made easier the disease spreading in whole effective. Necropsy exam puts in evidence, anatomyclinic,the presence of integument hemorrhagic lesions under a point or diffuse form, but also ulcers and muscle –cutaneous necrosis. As a following of bacterioscopy exam of smears done from pathologic material taken incutaneous lesions and colored by Gram method it was ascertained the presence of a bacterial polymorph flora, ofbacillus and cocobacillus type, Gram negative. Bacteriologic exam (cultural), realized on ordinary culture mediums(sauce, water) and selective mediums (agar with blood) isolates in pure culture germs from Aeromonas kind, basis onmorphological and cultural characters, which are framed in Aeromonas genus patterns described by specialityliterature. As a following of biochemical characters exam, with the help of multitest API20E system it wasestablished that Aeromonas spp. strains isolated, belong to hydrophila group 1 species, species which is responsibleof bacterial hemorrhagic septicemia performing in carp. By testing the sensitiveness to antibodies and chemiotherapyin strains which have been found as diagnosis (diffusiometric method of antibiogram), it was ascertained that group 1Aeromonas hydrophila strains, isolated from disease pesthole, were in decreasing order sensitive to: Eurofloxocin,Florfenicol (Floron) and Oxitetracycline and resistant to Ampiciline, Amoxicilin, Eritromicin.

Keywords


bacteriologic; Cyprinus Carpio; pesthole

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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
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