Analysis of Milk Supply and Trade Balance in the EU-27

Ion Pirvutoiu, Agatha Popescu

Abstract


The purpose of the paper is the analysis of the EU-27 milk supply balance and milk trade balance in order to present the largest milk producers, exporters and importers and the coverage degree of milk supply by production, imports, exports and stock changes, using the data provided by FAO Stat, 2009-2010 for the reference period 2003-2005.The EU-27 milk supply balance accounted for 116,229 thou tons of which 54.5 % is assured by Germany, France, Italy, United Kingdom, Poland, Netherlands and Romania. A number of 22 EU countries registered a self sufficiency degree higher than 100 %, at the EU-27 level its performance being 132 %. About 67 % milk it achieved in Germany, France, United Kingdom, Poland, Italy and Netherlands, which are the EU largest milk producers. The EU-27 trade balance is a positive one, exports exceeding imports by 10,448 thou tons milk. The main EU milk exporters are France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Denmark and Poland. The main EU milk importers are Germany, Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium, Spain and France. The EU production is enough for covering milk demand and export the surplus to other countries.


Keywords


analysis; EU-27; milk supply; trade balance

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

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