Effects of Different Factors on Dairy Calves Behaviour

Miloslav Šoch, Jan Brouček, Michal Uhrinčať, Marcela Raabová, Jana Šťastná, Vladimír Tančin, Pavel Novák, Petr Zajíček

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to study the effects of age, sex, and father on behaviour of calves. The study included 40 dairy calves kept in group housing. Maintenance behaviours were conducted at the age of 90, 130 and 170 days. The social behaviour was determined during 1 h feeding on access to limited amounts of feed during three consecutive days in 155th day of the age. Maintenance activities were significantly increasing with the age. Calves spent lying on the left side and ruminating while lying on the left side longer time. The most periods of total lying, lying on the left side, and lying on the right side were found at the age of 130 days. Period number was increasing within ages in ruminating while on the left and right sides, ruminating while lying, and total ruminating. Father lineage was significantly manifested in times of total standing, total eating, number eating and lying periods. No significant differences were found between males and females behaviour, and among fathers in social index.


Keywords


age; behaviour; calf; father; sex; welfare

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110