Effect of Parity and Calving Month on Milk Production and Quality of Greek Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

Vasileios A. Bampidis, Eleonora Nistor, Vasileios B. Skapetas, Vladimiros Christodoulou, Dimitrios Chatziplis, Ioanis Mitsopoulos, Vassiliki Lagka

Abstract


Forty lactating Greek buffalo cows were used in an experiment to determine effects of parity and calf birth month onproductivity and milk composition. Buffalo cows gave birth on months June and August 2009, and were kept undersemi closed system of management. From June to November, during the day the buffalo cows were allowed to grazeon the surroundings from 10:00 h and flocked back at 16:00 h. In the experiment, which started on week 6postpartum and lasted 24 weeks, buffalo cows were fed alfalfa hay, corn silage, wheat straw and concentrate, andwere allocated, relative to parity, into treatments GBP1 (21 buffalo cows with parity 1, 2, and 3) and GBP2 (19buffalo cows with parity 4, 5, and 6), and, relative to calf birth month, into treatments GBB1 (20 buffalo cows withJune as calf birth month) and GBB2 (20 buffalo cows with August as calf birth month). Productivity and milkcomposition were not affected (P>0.05) by calf birth month. During the experiment, there were differences(P<0.001) between GBP1 and GBP2 treatments in average milk yield (4.1 vs. 5.3 kg/day), fat yield (0.33 vs. 0.41kg/day), protein yield (0.19 vs. 0.24 kg/day), lactose yield (0.21 vs. 0.27 kg/day) and ash yield (0.033 vs. 0.044kg/day). In contrast, milk fat (80.8 g/kg), protein (45.9 g/kg), lactose (51.2 g/kg) and ash (8.2 g/kg) contents, as wellas somatic cell counts (82.9 ×1000/ml) and colony forming units (44.9 ×1000/ml), were not affected (P>0.05) byparity. Milk production and quality of Greek buffalo is generally satisfactory, and may be economically beneficialfor local breeders.

Keywords


Greek buffalo; milk composition; milk yield

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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

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