Use of phyto-additives in poultry nutrition

Teodor Gavris, Arabela Elena Untea, Mihaela Saracila

Abstract


This article presents experimental data on the properties, efficacy and modes of action of phyto-additives that can be used in poultry nutrition. Phyto-additives are a great variety of herbs, spices and products derived from them, as well as essential oils.  The content of active substances in these products can vary greatly depending on what part of the plant is used (grains, leaves, roots, bark, flowers, or buds), the harvest season and geographical origin and technique of treatment (cold, steam distillation, extraction or maceration with non-aqueous solvents, etc.). The uses of phyto-additives are still limited in relation to their mode of action and aspects of application in poultry nutrition. Phyto-additives are supposed to improve the palatability of feed and hence improve performance. Although many studies have demonstrated antioxidant and antimicrobial efficacy in vitro, this still remains to be checked in vivo. It is also assumed that phyto-additives improve nutrient absorption and enzymatic activity of poultry digestive tract. However, the limited number of comparative studies between phyto-additives and antibiotics suggests that they can have beneficial effects on the digestive tract by reducing the number of implicit bacteria and metabolites produced by them. Other studies show that phyto-additive use in animal feed improves the secretion of intestinal mucus. Also, a systematic approach to the effectiveness, dose, mode of action and safety of phyto-additives in poultry feed is not yet well established.

Keywords


broiler chickens, phyto-additives, plants extracts.

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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
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