Reproductive strategy of transhumant sheep and goat in Greece and differences among the four studied areas

ANNA SIASIOU, Ioannis Mitsopoulos, Aristotelis Lymperopoulos, Konstantinos Galanopoulos, Vasiliki Laga

Abstract


Transhumance is a traditional farming system present in Greece for many centuries including the seasonal migration of people and their livestock that follows predetermined area-specific practices. Purpose of this paper was to record the practices performed during movement to uplands and of the strategies applied during reproduction in order to reveal differences among the studied areas as well as to record the degree the system has evolved. Non-parametric statistical methods in a sample of 551 herders were applied to depict management practices while the regions were separated into four groups according to climate and geographical features. The results revealed differences among the studied areas revealing separation of males and females, uncontrolled mating for the majority of the herds, early weaning and adoption of strategies such as estrus synchronization, reflecting the effort of the producers to correspond to the seasonal needs of the market for lambs/kids as well as to improve the performance of their animals.


Keywords


reproduction, management, sheep, transhumance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ruiz M., Ruiz J.P., Ecological history of transhumance in Spain Biological Conservation Volume, 1986, 37, pp. 73-86.

Laga V., Katanos I., Skapetas B. and Chliounakis S., Transhumant sheep and goat breeding in Serres district of Central Macedonia, Greece. Presented as a Poster Presentation in the International Symposium «Animal Production and Natural Resources Utilization in the Mediterranean Mountain Areas» in Ioannina, 5 – 7 June 2003.

Landau S, Perevolotsky A, Bonfil D, Barkai D and Silakinove N., Utilization of low quality resources by small ruminants in Mediterranean agro-pastoral systems: the case of browse and aftermath cereal stubble. Livestock Production Science, 2000, 64, pp. 39–49.

Siasiou, A., Galanopoulos, K., Mitsopoulos, I., Ragkos, A. and Laga, V., Transhumant sheep and goat farming sector in Greece. Iranian Journal of Applied Aniaml Sciences, 2018, 8(4): 615-622.

Hadjigeorgiou I., Past, present and future of pastoralism in Greece. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice. 2011, 1:24.

Mitsopoulos I, Siasiou A, Chatziplis D, Kiritsi S, Michas V, Laga V and Galanopoulos K., Transhumant sheep and goat farming sector in Sterea Ellada – Greece. Animal Science and Biotechnologies, 2015, 48, pp. 157-160.

Rancourt M., Fois N., Lavin M.P., Tchakerian E. and Vallerand F., Mediterranean sheep and goat’s production: An uncertain future. Small Ruminant Research, 2006, 62, pp. 167-179

Simos E., Voutsinas L.P., Pappas C.P. Composition of milk of native Greek goats in the region of Metsovo. Small Ruminant Research,1991, 4, pp. 47-60.

Rogdakis E. Indigenous sheep breeds. Agrotypos A.E, 2002, pp.120-132.

Geprgoudis A., Ligda C., Karkavelia E. Autochthonous farm animal breeds of Greece. 1st focal point for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources, Thessaloniki, Greece, 2010, pp.33-34.

Ripoll-Bosch R., Joy M., Bernues A. Role of self-sufficiency, productivity and diversification on the economic sustainability of farming systems with autochthonous sheep breeds in less favored areas in Southern Europe. The Animal Consortium, 2013, 1-9


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies


Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
_________________________________________________________________

Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110