Insertion of Hungarian Merino Sheep Breed into the European Merinos according to Maternal Origin (mtDNA CR)

Mária Szabó, István Monori, Szilvia Kusza

Abstract


Merino sheep breeds have been widely distributed across the world. They represent one of the most important genetic resource of the sheep sector. But the crisis of the wool industry led to a drastic reduction in the number of European Merino breeds including the Hungarian Merino. The Hungarian Merino is a local sheep breed with a nearly 250-year old breeding history in Hungary. It has the largest amount of individuals between both of the stocks and commercial flocks. Most of the stocks went through a liquidation after the year 1989. Many great flocks disappeared. That also caused a drastic reduction in the number of stock-ewes. The Hungarian Merino breeding stock consists of barely 3700 female individuals recently. This has led to declare the breed endangered in 2014. Our plan is to analyse the genetic variability of the Hungarian Merino breed based on the approximately 1000 base pairs long mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop sequences. We collected DNA samples from 172 individuals from 10 genealogical lines. We would like to examine the haplotype diversity and compare the overall genetic distances within and among each genealogical lines. Our further plan is to compare our data to GenBank sequences of other Merino and founder breeds.


Keywords


Genetic Diversity, Hungarian Merino, Husbandry, Mitochondrial DNA, Sheep

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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

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