Transhumant sheep and goat farming sector in the region of Sterea Ellada-Greece

IOANNIS MITSOPOULOS, ANNA SIASIOU, Dimitrios Chatziplis, STAUROULA KIRITSI, Vasilios Michas, VASILIKI LAGKA, KOSTANTINOS GALANOPOULOS

Abstract


Transhumance connects highlands and lowlands creating that way a farming system with important social, cultural, economic, landscape and environmental effects. Despite the continuous reduction of the number of transhumant herds in Greece the later years, this farming system still preserves a considerable position in country’s animal husbandry. Aim of this paper is the study of management practices and the nomination of productivity indicators of the transhumant reared animals in the region of Sterea Ellada. The necessary data were collected through a specially conducted questionnaire from totally 140 transhumant herders. The results reveal average herd size of 364.40, with herd sizes that excides one thousand, especially for goat herds, and residence on mountainous, semi-mountainous areas for at least 5 months. The main source of income is the trade of milk, but it should be noted that a small proportion of the herders process milk and trade only feta and/or other traditional kinds of cheese complementary of meat trade. In addition average traded milk production and prolificacy reveal the influence of more intense farming practices, such as crossbreeding and/or rational feed and the continuous effort of the producers and correspond to consecutive increase of the needs of the market.


Keywords


Transhumance, management, farming system, sheep

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References


Constantin, M., 2003. Capitalism and transhumance: a comparison of three pastoral market types in Europe (1950-2000). New Europe College Yearbook. 11, p. 55-116.

Ispikoudis, I., Soliou, M.K. and V., P. Papanastasis, 2002. Transhumance in Greece: Past, present and future prospects. Transhumance and Biodiversity in European mountains, p. 211-226.

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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
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