COMPARATIVE STUDY ON BIOCHEMICAL PARTICULARITIES OF SEVERAL SOYBEAN VARIETIES USED IN ANIMAL NUTRITION

IRINA VASILE, N. VASILE, STEFANA JURCOANE, LILIANA BAGIU, S. PETRE

Abstract


Soybean is one of the most important agronomical crops used both in human and animal nutrition, and for processing. The content of soybean in protein and oil may vary from one variety to another being between 30% protein content and 17-25% oil content, in seeds, and 15% protein content and 5% oil content, in plants, respectively. Also, these are very much influenced by both the environment factors (temperature, humidity, type of soil) and the technology applied (irrigation, nonirrigation, and entire system of cultivation, and the cultivars, too. The experiment was designed to determine if the biochemical particularities are influenced by the two factors: cultivar and herbicide. Two Romanian cultivars have been used, Danubiana and Columna, being cultivated under herbicide treatment ( a mixture of Gallat -2l/ha + 70g Dynam), and non herbicide (control) conditions. The experiment shows that the herbicide did not influence the mineral substance, protein and lipid content, for instance the highest value of total dry matter content of soybean pods was registered for Columna variety being of 28,54% for control and 25,67 % for herbicide mixture variant. In addition the content of mineral elements may vary between 1,56% for Danubiana variety under herbicide mixture variant and 1,78 % for Columna variety as control . Nevertheless the herbicide had a great influence on the both seed weight varieties, increasing from 130g to 171g for Danubiana and from 150g to 167g for Columna variety, respectively.The differences between cultivars are small, for water, and mineral element content, and fat acids, but they are much higher for lipid and protein content.Amongst the two varieties, Danubiana is recommended to be used in the animal nutrition due to its mineral elements and protein.


Keywords


soybean varieties; animal nutrition

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)


Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
_________________________________________________________________

Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110