Introduction of Different Mangalitza Breeds’s Prolificacy and Rearing Performances

Krisztina Pocsai, Peter Szabo, Peter Balogh

Abstract


Mangalitza pig has a special significance in Hungary, because as a native breed it is substantial to preserve and keep in breeding. The professional membership and coordination of the breeding is performed by the National Association of Mangalitza Breeders (NAMB) since 1994. The breed has three colour varieties – blonde, swallow-bellied and red – which are independent breeds verified by the results of gene-preservation researches. The paper compares prolificacy and rearing performances of the three mangalitza breeds and also the determinants influencing the examined indicators among the years 2000 and 2011 on the basis of data from NAMB and National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO). It was analysed partly the number of days between two litters, the frequency of litter and the age at first litter of mangalitza sows and the other hand the average results of one-day old piglets and the piglets reared to 21 days of age. Mangalitza breeds have lower parameters in all indicators compared to a modern pig breed (e.g. Hungarian Large White) due to the speciality of the species (e.g. longer rearing period, tolerance to climatic and breeding conditions). Some economic factors (global economic crisis, drought damage) also affected the studied performances during the examined period.


Keywords


mangalitza breeds; prolificacy and rearing performance; economic effects

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
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