Prevalence and Severity of Lameness in Dairy Cows Housed in Free-stall Barns from Transylvania

Silvana Popescu, Cristin Borda, Cristina El Mahdy, Eva Andrea Diugan

Abstract


The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of lameness and determine locomotion score distribution in dairy cows housed in free-stalls. The study was realized in 24 selected free-stall farms in Transylvania. Lameness was assessed based on the locomotion score devised by Sprecher et al. The percentage of cows with different locomotion scores was established. The lameness prevalence was calculated as the proportion of cows with locomotion score 3 or more. The results were statistically processed using the SPSS software. Of the 2519 cows assessed, normal locomotion was found in 27.04% in winter (24.69% in summer), slight lameness in 40.69% (45.30% in summer), moderate lameness in 27.87% (25.96% in summer), lameness in 3.33% (2.82% in summer) and severe lameness in 1.07% (1.23% in summer). The prevalence of lameness in the investigated barns varied between 5% and 49.35% with a mean prevalence of 31.04% in winter (28.54% in summer). Although the value obtained in the warm season is lower, the difference between the two seasons was insignificant (P > 0.05). The obtained results show that in both seasons more than 70% of the assessed cows presented locomotion problems, the severity of lameness varying among the investigated farms.

Keywords


dairy cows, free stall, lameness prevalence, locomotion score

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110