ANALYSIS OF MILK PRODUCTION AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN DAIY FARMS

AGATHA POPESCU

Abstract


The paper aimed to present some aspects regarding milk production and farm size and their relationship to economic efficiency in dairy farming. For this purpose, three variants of hers size have been taken into consideration as follows: F1– raising 12 dairy cows whose milk yield is 3,500 kg /cow/lactation; F2- raising 50 dairy cows whose milk yield is 5,000 kg /cow and year and F3 – rearing 150 dairy cows, producing 6,000 kg milk per cow/year. For each variant, the following economic parameters have been determined: gross product, variable costs, fixed costs, gross margin, gross and net profit, profit rate and other specific indicators of economic efficiency such as: milk yield, milk cost, cost /cow/year, profit/cow, profit rate /cow, income /cow, profit/farm and profit rate at farm level. In conclusion, the higher the farm size and milk yield, the higher gross margin, net profit and profit rate


Keywords


analysis ; milk production; economic efficiency ; dairy farming

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110