Morpho-productive characteristics of Saanen goats breed in The South of Romania

Iulian Vlad, Marius Maftei, Daniela Ianitchi, Mirela Stanciu, Andi Fita

Abstract


Within the breed pattern of goat livestock exploited at national level, the most important share is represented  by rustic  non-improved breeds , which, however having an important variability under dimension report , we may state, at the same extent, about productions, especially milk ones. Thus, small productions request crossings, at least infusive ones, with the most performant breeds such as Saanen, whose performances are remarkable in the specialized farms  from the origin country.In the present work , the analysis object is constituted by Saanen livestock exploited in Gîrbovi – Ialomiţa, where there were observed the main morpho-productive characteristics of the breed and the performance way, especially milk production, during the whole lactation and its quality, as well as the main body measurements. The main effected somatometric measurements  emphasized  a conformation, typically dolicomorphical, reflected by the analysed body indexes, on the basis of the average body dimensions such as: live weight 57,375±0,23 Kg, as an average,  height at the crupper 67,64±0,38cm, crupper length 69,25±0,41 cm, oblique body length 70,98±0,38 cm, head length 21,35±0,0,14 cm, head width 14,58±0,18 cm, chest width 18,56±0,15 cm,  croup width 20,26±0,14 cm,  thoracical perimeter 89,17cm±0,32 cm and cane perimeter 10,52±1,53 cm, resulting a dolicomorphe body structure. The total production is as an average of 500,39 l and  the medium milk production during the  212  lactation days of almost  7 months was of about   2,36 l/head/day  during the whole lactation  and during each month , the average productions were of : November 58,05 l.,December 70,47 l.,January 92,30 l., February 45,10 l, March 86,67 l, April 100,37 l and May 46,42 l.  These performances demonstrate a lactation curve with two peaks, representing a certain high milk potential  compared to the local breeds, but very much under  the performances of this breed in the specialized farms. The  milk chemical composition during the latest lactation months were:  non-fat dry matter 8,33%, protein 3,27% and fat 3,54%. This case, the high milk potential of the breed may be compared  to some non-improved  livestock, aspect which shows an exploitation  where the feeding and managing conditions are very poor for specialized animals or in the case of the purchased material, it is much more uner our expectations.

Keywords


goats production, body structure, milk production

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Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110